A new compact diffractive imager for subwavelength resolution
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A new compact diffractive imager for subwavelength resolution

18/06/2024 TranSpread

Scientists have created a new type of imager that can capture features much smaller than the limitations of traditional optical systems. This innovation has the potential to revolutionize fields like bioimaging, lithography and material science.

The traditional limit for resolution in optical imaging, known as the diffraction limit, restricts the ability to see details smaller than half the wavelength of light. This new imager overcomes this hurdle by employing solid-immersion diffractive encoding of spatial information.

Here's how it works: light from the object first interacts with a high-index material that is spatially structured using an optimized physical code, which encodes high-frequency information beyond the traditional diffraction limit. Then, a diffractive decoder that is jointly optimized with the encoder material processes this encoded information and creates a magnified image of the object, revealing subwavelength features.

This imaging system and its spatial structures, as part of the encoder and decoder materials, are designed using deep learning-based optimization. The resulting smart imager is particularly compact, with a design that is less than 100 times the wavelength of light in thickness. It also offers the advantage of directly performing quantitative phase retrieval – eliminating the need for lengthy and power-hungry computer processing.

The researchers successfully tested the imager at terahertz frequencies and demonstrated its ability to resolve features as small as λ/3.4 (where λ is the wavelength). They also showed that the imager can handle various types of objects, including both phase and amplitude structures.

This new approach (https://doi.org/10.1186/s43593-024-00067-5) has the potential to be highly adaptable for different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. By physically scaling the diffractive features, the imager can be designed to work with different illumination wavelengths without needing a redesign.

The researchers believe this solid-immersion diffractive imager, due to its compact size, cost-effectiveness, and ability to capture subwavelength features, will lead to significant advancements in bioimaging, sensing, and material inspection.

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References

DOI

10.1186/s43593-024-00067-5

Original Source URL

https://doi.org/10.1186/s43593-024-00067-5

Funding information

This work was supported by Fujikura and the Harvey Engineering Research Prize from the Institution of Engineering and Technology.

About eLight

eLight will primarily publish the finest manuscripts, broadly covering all optics, photonics and electromagnetics sub-fields. In particular, we focus on emerging topics and cross-disciplinary research related to optics.

Paper title: Subwavelength imaging using a solid-immersion diffractive optical processor
Attached files
  • A compact diffractive imager achieves subwavelength resolution. This technique relies on diffractive encoding and decoding with a solid-immersion layer to resolve the subwavelength features of an object.
18/06/2024 TranSpread
Regions: North America, United States, Asia, Japan
Keywords: Science, Physics

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