UC3M 负责协调一项由欧盟提供经费,对激进两极化的深入研究
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UC3M 负责协调一项由欧盟提供经费,对激进两极化的深入研究


为了应对日益严重的激进两极化现象,同时加强欧洲的民主价值观和公民话语权,欧盟(EU)为一项国际合作项目网络(COST 行动)提供研究经费。 这项名为“欧盟去极化”的倡议由研究员,马德里卡洛斯三世大学(UC3M)新闻系副教授玛丽亚·卢恩戈(María Luengo)主导。

两极化在自由民主社会中日益普遍,这对宽容、开放和公民言论带来了重大挑战。事实上,该术语被西班牙紧急基金会(FundéuRAE)选为 2023 年度词汇。 然而,根据研究人员的说法,其含义和范围正在引起激烈争论。玛丽亚·卢恩戈解释:“政治对抗,或者用尚塔尔·墨菲(Chantal Mouffe)的话说,民主的‘对抗性’可能对民主辩论产生非常积极的推动作用,但当讨论越来越多地以两个敌对阵营之间的对立形式出现,可能带来很大的坏处。”

欧盟去极化网络旨在通过促进跨学科合作和制定有效干预措施来缓解反民主党派之争来解决这一问题。 “这一倡议对于抵制激进两极化的分裂力量,加强欧洲公民权益至关重要。” 玛丽亚·卢恩戈教授指出并补充说明:“我们的目标是通过与民间和媒体组织合作,在数字时代促进多元化并提高民主价值观。”

欧盟去极化网络将采用各种方法,通过文化社会学和公民领域理论,为理解和解决激进两极化提供规范框架。通过合作研究,确定最佳实践并开发实用工具,以有效对抗、纠正和预防激进两极化。

“我们的目标是赋予个人和社区展开文明、建设性对话所需的技能和知识。”马萨里克大学(捷克共和国)教师,项目副主席娜迪亚·贾沃斯基(Nadya Jaworsky )解释道:“通过促进交流干预和提高媒体素养,我们可以减轻数字媒体对两极化的负面影响,并促进更具包容性的公共言论。”

《纠正激进两极化:加强欧洲公民领域应对非自由数字媒体》(欧盟去极化)是一项在2023 年 11 月启动的倡议。最初由来自 12 个国家的 23 名研究人员发起,目前已经有来自 34 个国家的 100 多名研究人员参与其中。项目持续四年直至2027 年,希望届时能为社会学和传播研究领域做出重要贡献。

更多信息:

《纠正激进两极化:加强欧洲公民领域应对非自由数字媒体》(欧盟去极化)https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA22165/

Regions: Europe, Spain
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