In this presentation, the global academic profession is explored through a study of digital traces left in publications. A large-scale, generational, and longitudinal approach to academic careers is tested. We discuss how to examine 4.3 million nonoccasional scientists from 38 OECD countries publishing in 1990–2021. Our interest is in the changing global distribution of young male and female scientists over time and across disciplines. The usefulness of global bibliometric data sources (termed structured Big Data) in analyzing scientists and scholars is explored. Our focus is on four dimensions: gender, age, discipline, and time. Traditional aggregated data (e.g., UNESCO, OECD, Eurostat) are unable to show a much nuanced picture of the changing gender dynamics within and across disciplines and age groups, including gender parity (50%/50%). Limitations of bibliometric datasets in studying academic careers are explored, various trade-offs are shown, and a global approach is contrasted with a national-level approach. The methodological choices and their implications are discussed, and new opportunities to study academic careers globally are explored in practice.
Registration open at: https://zoom.us/meeting/register/tJYtfuqrqTMvEtOrWQp6YbVbrbx1vMz105hi
Keywords: Global academic profession; women in science; female scientists; quantitative science studies; science of science; university professors; scientific workforce; OECD countries; academic faculty; global trends.
Professor Marek Kwiek is Director of the Institute for Advanced Studies, AMU University of Poznan, Poland (www.cpp.amu.edu.pl
). His research area is quantitative studies of science, with interests in globalization, academic profession, and international research collaboration. He has published 230 papers and his recent monograph is Changing European Academics: A Comparative Study of Social Stratification, Work Patterns and Research Productivity
(Routledge, 2019). He published in Studies in Higher Education
, Higher Education
, Journal of Studies in International Education, Scientometrics
, Journal of Informetrics, Journal of Economic Surveys
etc. His recent invited seminars include Berkeley, Harvard, Stanford, Oxford, Beijing and Hong Kong, among others. An expert for the European Commission, USAID, OECD, World Bank, and UNESCO. He spent three years at North American universities, including the University of Virginia, UC Berkeley, NED in Washington, DC, and McGill University. A member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts
(EASA) in Salzburg and Academia Europaea