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A research finds that people who can read Braille make less mistakes in the reading order of the words’ letters
03 October 2012
A research carried out at Universitat de València in cooperation with ONCE –Organización Nacional de Ciegos Españoles- and De Paul University in Chicago, finds that the people who reads Braille make less mistakes in the reading order of the words’ letters than the non-visually impaired. The study was published yesterday in the journal PLOS ONE.
Spanish and American researchers have taken part in this study. They have studied the behaviour of the visually impaired who use their fingers to read Braille. ‘We have found that in words written with ink Braille readers rarely make mistakes like “privamera” for “primavera”, which is the correct one’, states Manuel Perea, lecturer in the psychology faculty and main researchers of the project. He also teaches at Universitat de València’s ERI-Lectura.
Many non-visually impaired people read ‘privamera’ as ‘primavera’ without noticing that ‘m’ and ‘v’ are in the wrong place, buth Braille readers, who use their fingers to read, almost always find the mistake. Reading word by word prevails over interpretation of letters as a whole.
This study is published in the journal PLOS ONE and is titled ¿Por qué los ciegos pueden percibir errores tipográficos mejor que los lectores con visión normal? (Why the blind can detect typographic mistales better than the non-visually impaired?). Cristina García, post-gradute student and researcher points out that ‘mistakes when reading words out of order come start in the brain areas related to early visual processes and not in a higher level area with abstract representations.’
‘We hope this paper revives the study of Braille reading’, states Pablo Gómez, co-writter and lecturer at De Paul University. He follows: ‘Only few things are known about how the words written in Braille are processed, althouth this system is very important for the quality of life of the visually impaired.’
‘We hope this research and the new ones to come will allow us to understand better the Braille reading processes and to implement better Braille literacy programmes’, says Miguel Martín, co-writter and expert in accesibility and technology at ONCE organization.